Iran exports auto parts to 40 foreign automakers,Farhad Behnia, a member of the Iranian Auto Parts Manufacturers Association,  the country’s auto part industry, there exist factories which produce and export parts to 40 foreign automakers including Benz, Volvo and Toyota.Behnia went on to add that “foreign automakers vigorously seek to enter the Iranian market for its attractiveness and capability to fulfill their demands; therefore, Iranian automakers need to take the most out of the emerging opportunity in favor of national interests.

Grand Ayatollah Khamenei has blamed the protests on “enemies of Iran”, declaring “all those who are at odds with the Islamic Republic have utilised various means, including money, weapons, politics and intelligence apparatus to create problems for the Islamic system, the Islamic Republic and the Islamic Revolution”. Genuine difficulties frustrate journalists reporting popular protests and uprisings which are, by their very nature, incoherent and ignite suddenly in unexpected places. Visas for journalists to stay in Iran are difficult to obtain, and, once there, there are restrictions on travelling around the country. A vacuum of information is created which, at a moment of intense international interest, is going to be filled with dubious stories from partisan sources. Governments hypocritically claim that they are being unfairly demonised when it is they themselves who have created the vacuum being used by their enemies.

The protests broke out , with anger directed at the leadership that has been in power since the 1979 revolution, including supreme leader Ayatollah Ali Khamenei and the president Hassan Rouhani.Anti-regime demonstrations in Iran started from the city of Mashhad and moved to other cities, including the city of Qom, which includes most religious institutions and schools.Iran supports Bashar al-Assad annually with billions and supports Hezbollah with hundreds of millions, arming and funding sectarian militias brought from Afghanistan, Pakistan, Iraq and Lebanon to suppress the Syrian people’s revolution as well as supporting the Houthis in Yemen.According to the slogans repeated by the Iranians during the past two days, it is clear that they prioritize themselves when it comes to their country’s support of militias in Lebanon, al-Nujaba movement in Iraq, and Houthis in Yemen.According to reports from inside Iran and from within the regime, the number of detainees has mounted to at least 8,000 by the end of the second week of the Iranian people's uprising. In recent days, several of these prisoners were martyred under the regime’s medieval tortures.Despite the regime’s attempts to keep hidden the number of arrests, it admitted to parts of it due to the high rise in numbers.Various Iranian cities are witnessing mass protests and demonstrations from its north to its east and across the south to the west.The demonstrators chanted slogans against the Iranian president and the Supreme leader, rejecting Iranian interference in the region.Some believe that the demonstrations came as a result of the wave of high prices that reached the point of starvation of the people and referred to it as the “hunger revolution.”But the observer of Iranian reality knows that the rise in prices is actually the straw that divided the camel's back.Iran’s intrusive state and institutional shortcomings continue to hold back more broadly based economic development. Deriving most of its revenue from the oil sector, the state owns and directly operates numerous enterprises and indirectly controls many companies affiliated with the security forces. The rule of law remains vulnerable to political interference and oppression.The private sector is largely marginalized by the restrictive regulatory environment and government inefficiency and mismanagement. Modest efforts to enhance the business climate have occasionally been undone to maintain the status quo. The repressive climate stifles innovation.

Iran’s president, Hassan Rouhani, in his first comments about the protests, aired on national television on , said “people have the right to criticise”, but said the authorities would not tolerate antisocial behaviour. He said criticism was “different from violence and destroying public properties.Rouhani said Trump ,who tweeted that the U.S. is watching “very closely” for human rights violations during the protests  has no right to show sympathy for Iranians after branding them terrorists a few months ago.The government and the people must “work hand-in-hand” and “as partners,” and concerns about household incomes, corruption and transparency in state institutions must be addressed, he added.

Many Iranians suffer from the difficulty of providing a decent living for themselves and their families, and a high percentage of the population live below the poverty line. Iran has the second largest economy in the Middle East and East Africa region due to the large size of the gas and oil sector in this state.  The international monetary fund sees that the inflation rate that Iran will face during the year 2017 will decrease to reach 7.2%, due to lifting the international sanctions on Iran after solving the Iranian nuclear file crisis, in addition to the improvement of the businesses and consumers confidence as a result of the reforms which President Hassan Rouhani had made. Even with that, the Iranian labour market is still facing structural dysfunctions as a result of sharp differences built on basis of gender, age, and geographic location.The economy of Iran is a mixed and transition economy with a large public sector. Some 60 percent of the economy is centrally planned. It is dominated by oil and gas production, although over 40 industries are directly involved in the Tehran Stock Exchange, one of the best performing exchanges in the world over the past decade.With 10 percent of the world's proven oil reserves and 15 percent of its gas reserves, Iran is considered an "energy superpower"Iran has fifth highest total estimated value of natural resources, valued at US$27.3 trillion in 2016.Price controls and subsidies, particularly on food and energyburden the economy. Contraband, administrative controls, widespread corruption, and other restrictive factors undermine private sector-led growth.The economy in Iran has struggled recently with youth unemployment at 25% and inflation rising 10% last year. There had been hopes the country’s finances would improve following reforms and lifted international sanctions, as highlighted by Public Finance International in 2016.Restrictions on financial, energy and transportation sectors were removed.But Iranians are not happy with the recent rising costs of food and fuel, as well as the alleged corruption and economic mismanagement within the government. ran is the second largest economy in the Middle East.Iran’s economy is characterized by the hydrocarbon sector, agriculture and services sectors, and a noticeable state presence in manufacturing and financial services. Iran ranks second in the world in natural gas reserves and fourth in proven crude oil reserves. Economic activity and government revenues still depend to a large extent on oil revenues and therefore remain volatile.Iranian authorities have adopted a comprehensive strategy encompassing market-based reforms as reflected in the government’s 20-year vision document and the sixth five-year development plan for the 2016-2021 period. The sixth five-year development plan is comprised of three pillars, namely, the development of a resilient economy, progress in science and technology, and the promotion of cultural excellence. On the economic front, the development plan envisages an annual economic growth rate of 8 percent and reforms of state-owned enterprises, the financial and banking sector, and the allocation and management of oil revenues among the main priorities of the government during the five-year period.Government spokesperson Mohammad Baqer Nobakht said in a news conference: “People have the rights to protest but there is a difference between demonstration and riot.“Even those who are confronting the rioters should act within the framework of law.”Rouhani called for unity as the death toll from the protests, the biggest in almost a decade since the unrest in 2009, was feared to exceed 20.

The government has confiscated property belonging to religious minorities. The judicial system is not independent; the supreme leader directly appoints the head of the judiciary, who in turn appoints senior judges. Corruption is pervasive. The hard-line clerical establishment has gained great wealth through control of tax-exempt foundations that dominate many economic sectors.The top personal income tax rate is 35 percent. The top corporate tax rate is 25 percent. All property transfers are subject to a standard tax. The overall tax burden equals 6.4 percent of total domestic income. Government spending of tax and oil revenue has amounted to 15.5 percent of total output (GDP) over the past three years, and budget deficits have averaged 1.7 percent of GDP. Public debt is equivalent to 17.1 percent of GDP.

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