EVA PERON (1919 - 1952 ) WAS SECOND WIFE OF PRESIDENT JUAN PERON (1895–1974) OF ARGENTINA AND ARGENTINA MOST FAMOUS FIRST LADY,WHO WAS RECENTLY PROCLAIMED SPIRITUAL CHIEF OF ARGENTINA NATION.
A few weeks before she died, Eva Peron rode next to her husband for his second inauguration as President of Argentina. Her cervical cancer, it is said, had rendered her so weak, that she was standing inside a kind of cage made of plaster and wire to support her frail limbs. She weighed little more than 5.6 stone (36 kg).Eva Perón was the second wife and political partner of President Juan Perón (1895–1974) of Argentina. An important political figure in her own right, she was known for her campaign for female suffrage (the right to vote), her support of organized labor groups, and her organization of a vast social welfare program that benefited and gained the support of the lower classes.
Eva Perón was born on May 7, 1919, in Los Toldos, Argentina. After moving to Buenos Aires in the 1930s, she had some success as an actress. in 1945, she married Juan Perón, who became president of Argentina the following year. Eva Perón used her position as first lady to fight for women's suffrage and improving the lives of the poor, and became a legendary figure in Argentine politics. As the First Lady, she was in charge of many of the country’s social policies, but by the early 1950s fractures were appearing in the government. Perhaps fired by the anxiety and pain of cancer, her rhetoric had become increasingly incendiary towards those who dared to disagree with her.“Her last public speech, delivered on May 1, 1952, Labour Day in Argentina, was a call against her enemies. She also dictated a 79-page document, ‘My Message', showing evidence of her belligerence and violent state of mind. She spoke about the ‘enemies of the people’ who were ‘insensitive and repugnant,’ and ‘as cold as toads and snakes’. She exalted the ‘holy fire of fanaticism’. She was ‘against those imbeciles’ who called for prudence. She ordered the people of Argentina to ‘fight the oligarchy’.”
Eva attracted the attention of a rising star of the new government, Col. Juan Perón, and the two married in 1945. Later that year he was ousted by a coup of rival army and navy officers and briefly taken into custody. After his release, Juan entered the presidential race. Eva was active in the campaign, and she won the adulation of the masses, whom she addressed as los descamisados (Spanish: “the shirtless ones”). He was elected and took office in June 1946.
Duarte was born in the small town of Los Toldos on the Argentine Pampas. Her parents, Juan Duarte and Juana Ibarguren, were not married, and her father had a wife and another family. Eva’s family struggled financially, and the situation worsened when Juan died when she was six years old. A few years later they moved to Junín, Argentina. When Eva was 15, she traveled to Buenos Aires to pursue an acting career and eventually began performing steadily in radio parts.
Eva Perón became powerful within the pro-Peronist trade unions, primarily for speaking on behalf of labor rights. She also ran the Ministries of Labor and Health, founded and ran the charitable Eva Perón Foundation, championed women's suffrage in Argentina, and founded and ran the nation's first large-scale female political party, the Female Peronist Party.
When Eva Duarte met Peron she was not the pretty unknown dependent of a rich protector as suggested by the musical Evita or as is commonly believed a superficial social butterfly starlet who had slept her way to the top ,she was a young beautiful intelligent independently wealthy and famous.She was the youngest of five children born to Juana Ibarguren and Juan Duarte. Her father died when she was seven and the family struggled to make ends meet.She seems to have had a good reputation and to have had no male in her life at the time (though its possible there has been some censoring of information from these early years).In addition she seems to have already had marked interest if not in politics then in social justice and “charity for the poor .Eva’s early life shows all the elements that mark her later years ,a driven personality ,self-reliance ,a willingness to work hard ,an inquiring mind , and a strong sense of social responsibility probably heightened by contact with wealthy or influential people who had no concept of poverty ,one of my favourite Eva quotes is “When the rich think about the poor, they have poor ideas.” and I suspect that was a view formed during this time. When Eva first meets Peron at a Charity event when she is not performing on stage or making speeches but carrying around a collecting can .What makes Eva so incredibly different is her life once she does meet Peron ,there have been a number of actresses or models who have marrried into politics and even in the past decades such women have never made the impact of Eva,,Nancy Regan remained in the backgound during her husbands presidency as was expected and is still expected of First ladies and priministers wives,yet they move in a world where the equality of women is accepted ,there is no stigma attached to the circumstances of birth or a career in the arts or media.Before she was 20 Eva had moved to Buenos Aires to pursue her theatrical aspirations.She met the then Colonel Juan Domingo Peron in 1944 when he was vice president and secretary of war and the couple were married in 1945.The following year General Peron became president. His wife devoted her time to the poor, or the descamisados (shirtless ones), of Argentina and over the next seven years brought the working classes into a position of political power never witnessed before.She organised mass political rallies and spent millions of pounds of public money on the poor. She got women the vote and legalised divorce.Although hailed a social champion and adored by the working classes, Evita, as she became known, was feared and loathed by the military and the upper classes. They regarded her as a threat and believed she was using her public position to further her own personal aspirations.In 1951 she was nominated for vice-presidency but was forced to withdraw after pressure from the military.Her last public appearance was on 4 June this year when she stood beside her husband in an open motor-car during the inauguration ceremonies for his second presidential term.Peron addresses a crowd of women in 1951.In the end, the operation did succeed in silencing Evita – if only by accelerating her decline. After the lobotomy, she simply stopped eating. She died on 26 July 1952. Poppen, his acquaintances claim, later regretted his involvement and the pain it brought.
In 1951, Eva Perón announced her candidacy for the Peronist nomination for the office of Vice President of Argentina, receiving great support from the Peronist political base, low-income and working-class Argentines who were referred to as descamisados or "shirtless ones". However, opposition from the nation's military and bourgeoisie, coupled with her declining health, ultimately forced her to withdraw her candidacy. In 1952, shortly before her death from cancer at 33, Eva Perón was given the title of "Spiritual Leader of the Nation" by the Argentine Congress.
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