LYNDON B.JOHNSON PRESIDENCY (22. NOVEMBER 1963 – 20. JANUARY 1969).JOHN KENNEDY'S VICE PRESIDENT LYNDON JOHNSON TAKES THE OATH OF OFFICE BOARDS AIR FORCE ONE AFTER PRESIDENT KENNEDY ASSASSINATION ON NOVEMBER 22,1963.
The first inauguration of Lyndon B. Johnson as the 36th President of the United States was held on Friday, November 22, 1963., when Kennedy was assassinated in Dallas, Lyndon Baines Johnson became the 36th President.He says,"Let us continue..."
In March 16, 1961 file photo, President John F. Kennedy sits in his favorite rocking chair in his office during a meeting with Secretary of Defense Robert McNamara and Vice President Lyndon Baines Johnson.
Lyndon Baines Johnson was born on August 27, 1908, in central Texas, not far from Johnson City, which his family had helped settle. Growing up, he felt the sting of rural poverty, working his way through Southwest Texas State Teachers College (now known as Texas State University), and learning compassion for the poverty and discrimination of others when he taught students of Mexican descent in Cotulla, Texas.In 1937 he campaigned successfully for the House of Representatives on a New Deal platform, effectively aided by his wife, the former Claudia "Lady Bird" Taylor, whom he had married after a whirlwind courtship in 1934.During World War II, Lyndon Johnson served briefly in the Navy as a lieutenant commander, receiving a Silver Star in the South Pacific. After six terms in the House, he was elected to the Senate in 1948. In 1953, he became the youngest Minority Leader in Senate history, and the following year, when the Democrats won control, Majority Leader. With rare legislative skill he obtained passage of a number of measures during the Eisenhower Administration. He became, by many accounts, the most powerful Majority Leader of the twentieth century.In the 1960 campaign, Johnson, as John F. Kennedy's running mate, was elected Vice President.
The second inauguration of Lyndon B. Johnson as President of the United States was held on Wednesday, January 20, 1965.
The inauguration marked the commencement of the second (only full) term of Lyndon B. Johnson as President and the only term of Hubert Humphrey as Vice President. Chief Justice Earl Warren administered the Oath of office. Lady Bird Johnson founded the tradition of First Ladies participating in the ceremony by holding the President's Bible.
President Lyndon B. Johnson once said, "If you can convince the lowest white man he's better than the best colored man, he won't notice you're picking his pocket. Hell, give him somebody to look down on, and he'll empty his pockets for you.President Lyndon Baines Johnson, who grew up in the South and understood the politics of racism from the inside, saw it in part as a ploy to divide and conquer.
President Lyndon Johnson meets in the White House Cabinet Room with top military and defense advisers.
Although the Great Society, the War on Poverty, and civil rights legislation all would have a measurable and appreciable benefit for the poor and for minorities, it is ironic that during the Johnson years civil disturbances seemed to be the main legacy of domestic affairs. Johnson appointed the Kerner Commission to inquire into the causes of this unrest, and the commission reported back that America had rapidly divided into two societies, "separate and unequal." It blamed inequality and racism for the riots that had swept American cities. Johnson rejected the findings of the commission and thought that they were too radical. By 1968, with his attention focused on foreign affairs, the President's efforts to fashion a Great Society had come to an end.Johnson faced further troubles when summer riots broke out in most major cities after 1965, and crime rates soared, as his opponents raised demands for "law and order" policies. While he began his presidency with widespread approval, support for Johnson declined as the public became upset with both the war and the growing violence at home. In 1968, the Democratic Party factionalized as antiwar elements denounced Johnson; he ended his bid for renomination after a disappointing finish in the New Hampshire primary. Nixon was elected to succeed him, as the New Deal coalition that had dominated presidential politics for 36 years collapsed. After he left office in January 1969, Johnson returned to his Texas ranch, where he died of a heart attack at age 64 on January 22, 1973.Johnson is ranked favorably by many historians because of his domestic policies and the passage of many major laws that affected civil rights, gun control, wilderness preservation, and Social Security. He also drew substantial criticism for his handling of the Vietnam War.
President Lyndon Johnson shakes hands with Dr. King after the signing of the 1964 Civil Rights Act.