I do not believe there ever was any life more attractive to a vigorous young fellow than life on a cattle ranch in those days. It was a fine, healthy life, too; it taught a man self-reliance, hardihood, and the value of instant decision ... I enjoyed the life to the full.”Theodore Roosevelt

Born in New York City on October 27, 1858, Theodore "Teddy" Roosevelt was governor of New York before becoming U.S. vice president. At age 42, Teddy Roosevelt became the youngest man to assume the U.S. presidency after President William McKinley was assassinated in 1901. He won a second term in 1904. Known for his anti-monopoly policies and ecological conservationism, Roosevelt won the Nobel Peace Prize for his part in ending the Russo-Japanese War. He died in New York on January 6, 1919.In 1889, Republican President Benjamin Harrison appointed him as a member of the US Civil Service Commission. In 1895, Roosevelt became president of the New York City police board. The following year, he was appointed assistant secretary to the navy by Republican President William McKinley. Roosevelt strongly supported expanding US naval power as a means of increasing America's presence in world affairs. During the Spanish-American War, Roosevelt saw active service as lieutenant colonel of the Rough Rider Regiment.In 1898, Roosevelt was elected New York governor and in 1900, vice president under McKinley. In September 1901, McKinley was assassinated and Roosevelt became president. He was elected in his own right in 1904. His presidency was notable for introducing anti-monopolistic reforms designed to limit the powers of large corporations. In addition he established America's first national park, in Florida, in 1903 and first national monument, in Wyoming, in 1906.

Theodore Roosevelt, First Lady Edith Roosevelt, and their six children.

In foreign affairs, Roosevelt declared that the US should 'speak softly and carry a big stick'. He believed US security would be enhanced when other nations knew that the country would protect its interests with the threat of war. His corollary to the Monroe Doctrine prevented the establishment of foreign bases in the Caribbean and arrogated the sole right of intervention in Latin America to the United States. Roosevelt also encouraged the building of the Panama Canal. In 1906, he was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize for his role in ending the Russo-Japanese war.Roosevelt retired from the presidency in 1908. In the 1912 presidential election he ran against his successor, William Taft, with whose policies he disagreed. His candidacy split the Republican vote and allowed Democrat Woodrow Wilson to become president. Roosevelt died on 6 January 1919. His nickname, 'Teddy', has lived on in the teddy bear.

President Theodore Roosevelt of the United States of America and the German Kaiser Wilhelm II in Berlin.

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