THE FALL OF PHILIPPINE'S MARCOS IN 1986,THE 3- DAY REVOLUTION AGAINST DICTATOR PRESIDENT FERDINAND MARCOS (1917 – 1989)
Former Philippine President Ferdinand Marcos and First Lady Imelda Marcos were married for 35 years before Ferdinand Marcos died, leaving behind his partner and 4 children.The fall of President Marcos and the myth that the "victory of Cory Aquino" was a victory for democracy.
Former first lady Imelda Marcos sings in her resident in Manila ,Philippines.She loves singing during as First Lady.
First Lady Imelda Marcos dancing with President Ronald Reagan.Marcos visit Reagan 1982, President Reagan with President of the Philippines Ferdinand Marcos and Imelda Marcos during a state visit outside the Oval Office.
Ferdinand Marcos ruled the Philippines with an iron fist from 1966 to 1986.Critics charged Marcos and his regime with crimes like corruption and nepotism. Marcos himself is said to have exaggerated his role in World War II. He also murdered a family political rival.So, how did this man stay in power?Marcos created an elaborate cult of personality. When that state-mandated adulation proved insufficient for him to maintain control, President Marcos declared martial law.Within weeks of his reelection, Marcos faced violent public protests against his rule by students and other citizens. Students demanded educational reforms; they even commandeered a fire truck and crashed it into the Presidential Palace in 1970.The Filipino Communist Party reemerged as a threat. Meanwhile, a Muslim separatist movement in the south urged succession.President Marcos responded to all of these threats by declaring martial law on September 21, 1972. He suspended habeas corpus, imposed a curfew and jailed opponents like Benigno "Ninoy" Aquino.This period of martial law lasted until January 1981.
Street protests showed the unity of the people against an oppressive government. It became urgent for me to document their camaraderie, courage.
In the evening of Feb 22, 1986, when then Vice Chief of Staff Fidel Ramos and Defense Minister Juan Ponce Enrile announced their withdrawal from the Marcos government.
Upon hearing news that Marcos left the country, people storm the gates of the Malacañan Palace on February 25, 1986. Anger was replaced by joy and renewed hope for a better life.
In 1986, over a million Filipinos took to the streets to overthrow the corrupt and brutal regime of President Ferdinand Marcos. It was called the People Power Revolution.Opposition leader Benigno Aquino was released in 1980 after nearly 8 years in prison. He went into exile in the United States.In August of 1983, Aquino returned to the Philippines. Upon arrival, he was hustled off the plane, and shot dead on the runway at the Manila Airport by a man in a military uniform.The government claimed that Rolando Galman was the assassin; Galman was immediately killed by airport security.Marcos was ill at the time, recovering from a kidney transplant. Imelda may have ordered Aquino's killing, which sparked massive protests. President Marcos and his wife Imelda had ruled the Philippines for 20 years.Following the murder of the anti-Marcos politician, Ninoy Aquino, a huge opposition movement rallied around his widow, Cory Aquino.She stood against Marcos in a snap presidential election in 1986. But when Marcos was declared the winner amid massive electoral fraud, huge protests began.The protestors were supported by the Catholic Church under the guidance of Cardinal Jaime Sin. Eventually, senior members of the army rebelled against Marcos.Filipinos poured onto the streets to protect the rebel army officers. Loyal troops refused to fire on the crowds. After four days of mass protests, Marcos fled to Hawaii.
With First Lady Imelda Marcos behind him, Philippine President Ferdinand Marcos waves to supporters from a balcony of the Malacañang Palace in Manila.This was the last public appearance by Marcos and his family. Later in the evening they fled the palace aboard four American helicopters and were taken to Clark Air Base enroute to exile in Hawaii.
At the height of the political turbulence, Marcos flew to Hawaii, where he lived with his wife and children until he died in 1989.