Pol Pot has a history of deception and manipulation during his 35-year leadership of the Khmer Rouge movement."We are against Khmer killing Khmer and killing the leaders in our ranks," said guerrilla spokesman Gen. Khan Nun in an underground radio broadcast. "From that day on, the Pol Pot regime was over."

In Cambodia, Pol Pot's Regime on Trial at Last. Pol Pot, the notorious Khmer Rouge leader who presided over the deaths of more than 3 million Cambodians, was near tears as his former followers denounced him at a show trial in their jungle base camp.

POL POT: was a Cambodian politician and revolutionary who led the Khmer Rouge  from 1963 until 1997. From 1963 to 1981, he served as the General Secretary of the Communist Party of Kampuchea.As such, he became the leader of Cambodia on 17 April 1975, when his forces captured Phnom Penh. From 1976 to 1979, he also served as the Prime Minister of Democratic Kampuchea (30th Prime Minister of Cambodia).The strategic orientation, therefore, should be to develop revolution in Southeast Asia. Otherwise, it will take centuries to solve the problem between Vietnam and Cambodia. Laos, to our knowledge, will play an important role in the strategy of Vietnam. The Vietnamese-Lao Treaty of 13 July 1977 is a treaty under which Vietnam annexes Lao territory. Laos’ population is three million. Yet, the number of Vietnamese in Laos alone not to mention the Vietnamese Laotians is three million.There is, in fact, a simple explanation for why most of the Khmer Rouge’s crimes, though widely thought to be a paradigmatic example of genocide, both inside and outside Cambodia, are not actually that: the 1948 Genocide Convention, which codified the concept into international law, deliberately ruled out its application to political pogroms and class war the signal crimes of Stalin, Mao, and Pol Pot.

Pol Pot leading Khmer Rouge troops, the brutal Khmer Rouge regime in Cambodia, responsible for one of the worst genocides of the 20th Century. Pol Pot with Khmer Rouge leaders Ieng Sary, left, and Son Sen.Pot Pot Tells China in 1977 that Killings Underway, to Continue.

The Khmer Rouge took control of the Cambodian government in 1975, with the goal of turning the country into a communist agrarian utopia. In reality, they emptied the cities and evacuated millions of people to labor camps where they were starved and abused.

The Communist Party of Kampuchea, informally known as the Khmer Rouge, referencing the majority ethnicity of the country and red as the color of communism, was originally born out of the struggle against French colonization and was influenced by the Vietnamese. The movement was fueled by the first Indochina War in the 1950s, evolving into an official party in 1968 and grew over the next 20 years.In the years leading up to the Khmer Rouge’s regime, the neighboring Vietnam War spilled over into Cambodia. U.S. troops used Cambodia as a regrouping zone in addition to bombing parts of the country to destroy suspected Viet Cong targets, setting the foundation for animosity toward the West.In March 1970, Marshal Lon Nol, backed by pro-American associates, staged a successful coup to depose Prince Sihanouk as the head of state. The Khmer Rouge headed by Pol Pot, allied itself with Sihanouk, setting the stage to become a major player in the civil war that followed.With help from the Vietnamese, the Khmer Rouge began beating Lon Nol’s forces on the battlefields. And their growth was aided by the fact that Lon Nol’s Khmer Republic government, with assistance from the U.S., dropped about a half million tons of bombs on the country, killing as many as 300,000 people between January and August of 1973, further disenchanting them from the West.The Khmer Rouge took control of the Cambodian government in 1975, with the goal of turning the country into a communist agrarian utopia. In reality, they emptied the cities and evacuated millions of people to labor camps where they were starved and abused.It is estimated that between 1.7 and 2 million Cambodians died during the 4 year reign of the Khmer Rouge, with little to no outcry from the international community.

The skulls of some of those who perished in the Cambodian Genocide.This picture is from the year 1981, two years after the fall Pol Pots.

The Cambodian genocide,on April 17, 1975, the Khmer Rouge seized control of the country’s capital city, Phnom Penh, effectively ousting the Lon Nol government. They immediately began emptying the city’s population into labor camps in the countryside, where physical abuse, disease, exhaustion, and starvation were extremely prevalent. Pol Pot ordered the execution of his lifelong right-hand man Son Sen on 10 June 1997 for attempting to make a settlement with the government. Eleven members of his family were also killed, although Pol Pot later denied that he had ordered this. He then fled his northern stronghold, but was later arrested by Khmer Rouge military Chief Ta Mok on 19 June 1997. Pol Pot had not been seen in public since 1980, two years after his overthrow at the hands of an invading Vietnamese army. He was sentenced to death in absentia by a Phnom Penh court soon afterwards. In July, he was subjected to a show trial for the death of Son Sen and sentenced to lifelong house.

Khmer Rouge soldiers stand next to the body of their former leader Pol Pot, lying in a plastic bag filled with ice blocks to preserve his body, prior to his cremation.

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