JAWAHARLAL NEHRU (1889-1964),WAS STATESMAN WHO BECAME THE FIRST PRIMER MINISTER INDIA IN 1947.MAHATMA GANDHI AND JAWAHARLAL NEHRU FOUGHT FOR INDIA INDEPENDENCE FROM BRITAIN.
Famous Speeches: Mahatma Gandhi's "Quit India.Mahatma Gandhi (right) with Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru during a meeting of the All-India Congress in Bombay, now Mumbai, India.
Jawaharlal Nehru's independence day speech, the first Prime Minister and one of the main architects of Independent India.
Independence Day is one of the remembering days for all the Indians. As on this day, we got independence from Britishers and became a democratic country. It is annually observed on 15th August 1947. And the Indians from all over country celebrates this day with happiness and joy.
Nehru was born to a family of Kashmiri Brahmans, noted for their administrative aptitude and scholarship, who had migrated to Delhi early in the 18th century. He was a son of Motilal Nehru, a renowned lawyer and leader of the Indian independence movement, who became one of Mohandas (Mahatma) Gandhi’s prominent associates. Jawaharlal was the eldest of four children, two of whom were girls. A sister, Vijaya Lakshmi Pandit, later became the first woman president of the United Nations General Assembly.Nehru’s academic career was in no way outstanding. From Harrow he went to Trinity College, Cambridge, where he spent three years earning an honours degree in natural science. On leaving Cambridge he qualified as a barrister after two years at the Inner Temple, London, where in his own words he passed his examinations “with neither glory nor ignominy. On 15 August 1947, Nehru became the first prime minister of independent India. He held the post until his death in 1964. He implemented moderate socialist economic reforms and committed India to a policy of industrialisation.The Indian independence movement encompassed activities and ideas aiming to end the East India Company rule (1757–1858) and the British Indian Empire (1858–1947) in the Indian subcontinent. The movement spanned a total of 90 years (1857–1947). Indian National Congress with prominent moderate leaders seeking only their basic right to appear for Indian Civil Service (British India) examinations, as well as more rights, economic in nature, for the people of the soil. The period of the Second World War saw the peak of the campaigns by the Quit India Movement led by Congress.
President John F. Kennedy and Others During Arrival Ceremonies for Jawaharlal Nehru, Prime Minister of India.
Nehru also served as foreign minister of India. In October 1947, he faced conflict with Pakistan over the state of Kashmir, which was disputed at independence. Nehru sent troops into the state to support India's claim. A United Nations ceasefire was negotiated, but Kashmir remains deeply unstable to this day.Against the background of the Cold War, Nehru developed a policy of 'positive neutrality' for India. He became one of the key spokesmen for the non-aligned countries of Africa and Asia, many of which were former colonies that wanted to avoid dependence on any major power.Despite efforts at cooperation by both countries, Indian-Chinese border disputes escalated into war in 1962 and Indian forces were decisively beaten. This had a significant impact on Nehru's declining health. He died on 27 May 1964.Two years later Nehru's daughter, Indira Gandhi, became prime minister. With an interruption of only three years, she held the post until her assassination in 1984. Her son Rajiv was prime minister of India from 1984 to 1989, but he too was assassinated.
Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru with daughter, Indira Gandhi, later she became prime minister of India.