WORLD WAR II " THE TEHRAN CONFERENCE"  WAS A STRATEGY MEETING RUSSIA'S JOSEPH STALIN,USA'S FRANKLIN D.ROOSEVELT AND BRITAIN'S WINSTON CHURCHILL IN 1943.

Joseph Stalin, Franklin D. Roosevelt, and Winston Churchill :"We came here with hope and determination. We leave here, friends in fact, in spirit and in purpose."

It was held in the Soviet Union’s embassy in Tehran, Iran.The conference was to convene at 16:00 on 28 November 1943. Stalin arrived well before, followed by Roosevelt, brought in his wheelchair from his accommodation adjacent to the venue. Roosevelt, who had traveled 7,000 miles (11,000 km) to attend and whose health was already deteriorating, was met by Stalin. This was the first time that they had met. Churchill, walking with his General Staff from their accommodations nearby, arrived half an hour later. It was the first time Winston Churchill, President Franklin D Roosevelt and Marshal Joseph Stalin had met together.In a joint statement issued after the four-day conference, they expressed a determination to work together to win the war in Europe and in Asia and establish an "enduring peace".The three allies said they had reached agreement on a second front although actual details were not given - only that operations would take place in the east, west and south.As World War II raged around the globe, the President of the United States, Franklin D. Roosevelt, began calling for a meeting of the leaders from the key Allied powers. While the Prime Minister of Great Britain, Winston Churchill, was willing to meet, the Premier of the Soviet Union, Joseph Stalin, played coy. Desperate to make a conference happen, Roosevelt conceded several points to Stalin, including choosing a location that was convenient to the Soviet leader.Agreeing to meet in Tehran, Iran on November 28, 1943, the three leaders planned to discuss D-Day, war strategy, and defeating Japan.

They stated: "We expressed our determination that our nations shall work together in war and in the peace that will follow."

Though Churchill advocated for an expanded Allied push through the Mediterranean, Roosevelt, who was not interested in protecting British imperial interests, insisted that the invasion take place in France. With the location settled, it was decided that the attack would come in May 1944. As Stalin had been advocating for a second front since 1941, he was very pleased and felt that he had accomplished his principal goal for the meeting. Moving on, Stalin agreed to enter the war against Japan once Germany was defeated.As the conference began to wind down, Roosevelt, Churchill, and Stalin discussed the end of the war and reaffirmed their demand that only unconditional surrender would be accepted from the Axis Powers and that the defeated nations would be divided into occupation zones under American, British, and Soviet control. Other minor issues were dealt with before the conference's conclusion on December 1 including the three agreeing to respect the government of Iran and to support Turkey if it was attacked by Axis troops.Departing Tehran, the three leaders returned to their countries to enact the newly decided war policies. As would happen at Yalta in 1945, Stalin used Roosevelt's weak health and Britain's declining power to dominate the conference and achieve all of his goals.

Comment Box is loading comments...
Share
Created with Mozello - the world's easiest to use website builder.

 .