ROMAN EMPEROR NERO (37 AD - 68 AD)WAS THE FIFTH ROMAN AND BRUTAL EMPEROR AND THE LAST JULIO - CLAUDIAN DYNASTY. HE KILLED HIS MOTHER AND HIS FIRST WIFE.

Emperor Nero try to kill his own mother several times,in the end, he did have her killed.  He gave her a nice yacht, and when she sailed away the yacht collapsed.  Agrippina the Younger (Nero's mom, Caligula's sister, Claudius's second wife) did not die, but swam to shore but was soon hunted down by Nero's henchmen.His mother Agrippina the Younger was responsible for Nero getting power in the first place.  She probably murdered her husband/uncle Claudius in a per-arranged deal with the Praetorian Guard and Senators that would make Nero the new Emperor. 

As Roman emperor, Nero’s reign was lavish and tyrannical. He killed his mother, persecuted Christians and is said to have "fiddled while Rome burned. Nero was born at Antium (Anzio) on 15 December AD 37 and was first named Lucius Domitius Ahenobarbus. He was the son of Cnaeus Domitius Ahenobarbus, who was descended from a distinguished noble family of the Roman republic (a Domitius Ahenobarbus is known to have been consul in 192 BC, leading troops in the war against Antiochus alongside Scipio Africanus), and Agrippina the younger, who was the daughter of Germanicus.When Nero was two, his mother was banished by Caligula to the Pontian Islands. His inheritance was then seized when his father died one year later.With Caligula killed and a milder emperor on the throne, Agrippina (who was emperor Claudius' niece) was recalled from exile and her son was given a good education. Once in AD 49 Agrippina married Claudius, the task of educating of the young Nero was handed to the eminent philosopher Lucius Annaeus Seneca.Further to this Nero was betrothed to Claudius' daughter Octavia.In AD 50 Agrippina persuaded Claudius to adopt Nero as his own son. This meant that Nero now took precedence over Claudius' own younger child Britannicus. It was at his adoption that he assumed the name Nero Claudius Drusus Germanicus. These names were clearly largely in honour of his maternal grandfather Germanicus who had been an extrememly popular commander with the army. Evidently it was felt that a future emperor was well advised to bear a name which reminded the troops of their loyalties. In AD 51 he was named heir-apparent by Claudius.Alas in AD 54 Claudius died, most likely poisoned by his wife. Agrippina, supported by the prefect of the praetorians, Sextus Afranius Burrus, cleared the way for Nero to become emperor. Since Nero was not yet seventeen years old, Agrippina the younger first acted as regent. A unique woman in Roman history, she was the sister of Caligula, the wife of Claudius, and the mother of Nero.But Agrippina's dominant position did not last for long. Soon she was shunted aside by Nero, who sought not to share power with anyone. Agrippina was moved to a separate residence, away from the imperial palace and from the levers of power. When in 11 February AD 55 Britannicus died at a dinner party in the palace - most likely poisoned by Nero, Agrippina was said to have been alarmed. She had sought to keep Britannicus in reserve, in case she should lose control of Nero.Unfortunately, Nero was losing his mind. The consequences of his condition brought the Roman Empire to the brink of disaster.Events depicted in this clip take place in 64 AD. Nero was at his seaside villa, in Antium - known as Anzio today - when he saw the orange tinge of fire along the skyline. Rome - about thirty-five miles north of Antium - was on fire. Wooden buildings in the city, closely positioned along narrow streets, fed the fire. With a seemingly endless supply of fuel, the inferno created a desperate situation. Rome burned for six days.Evidence, from some ancient writers, reveals that Nero returned to the city and did all he could to help. According to those records, the Emperor opened his private gardens to keep people safe. Damage to the city was extraordinary, rendering about 500,000 people homeless. Since so much of the capital was in ruins, some wondered whether enough of the city remained to justify keeping Rome as the empire's capital. Nero, on his own, could not make a decision. It seemed as though the fire had removed his ability to be an effective leader. His senior advisers - such as Seneca - urged him to act decisively. Pondering what to do, Nero had an idea. Rome would remain the capital, but he wold take advantage of the fire's destruction to start again. The city had to be rebuilt - why not make it truly magnificent?Nero envisioned a new Rome made of marble and stone, instead of wood. Wide roads, forums, temples, art and other beautiful things would feature most prominently.This, the Emperor believed, was a project people would understand and support. Nero hoped it would be the project which made him "a god" in the eyes of his subjects.

It's been said that Nero fiddled while Rome burned. The same thing can happen to people if the place catches fire while people are "fiddling around" with offline fire pump controllers for weeks.Tacitus who chronicled some of Rome’s most notorious emperors, including Nero and Caligula, and whose portrayal of Roman decadence influences.Nero started behaving erratically.  See Tacitus.  Believe what you want to believe, but discount a lot. 

Nero's rule is usually associated with tyranny and extravagance.Most Roman sources, such as Suetonius and Cassius Dio, offer overwhelmingly negative assessments of his personality and reign; Tacitus claims that the Roman people thought him compulsive and corrupt. Many Romans believed that the Great Fire of Rome was instigated by Nero to clear the way for his planned palatial complex, the Domus Aurea.He was said to have seized Christians as scapegoats for the fire and burned them alive, seemingly motivated not by public justice but by personal cruelty.Some modern historians question the reliability of the ancient sources on Nero's tyrannical acts. A few sources paint Nero in a more favourable light. There is evidence of his popularity among the Roman commoners, especially in the eastern provinces of the Empire, where a popular legend arose that Nero had not died and would return. At least three leaders of short-lived, failed rebellions presented themselves as "Nero reborn", to enlist popular support.Meanwhile, the Roman empire was in turmoil. Nero established Armenia as a buffer state against Parthia (Iran), but only after a costly war. There were revolts - in Britain (60 AD - 61 AD), led by Boudicca, and Judea (66 AD - 70 AD). In 65 AD, Gaius Calpurnius Piso led a conspiracy against the emperor and in the purge that followed, a number of prominent Romans were executed, including Seneca and his nephew, the epic poet Lucan. In 65 AD, Nero is believed to have kicked his wife Poppaea to death. His next wife was Statilia Messalina, whose first husband Nero had executed. In 68 AD, the Gallic and Spanish legions, along with the Praetorian Guards, rose against Nero and he fled Rome. The senate declared him a public enemy and he committed suicide on 9 June 68 AD. Disputes over his succession led to civil war in Rome.

As Nero got older, he still wasn't interested in government, but he also became less and less cool with his mother consistently emasculating him.  Into this situation stepped Seneca, Nero's tutor, and other advisers who wanted to spin a new narrative that wasn't necessarily anti-Agrippina.  This was the narrative that Nero was a wise ruler, the father of the Roman people.Later there was a widespread prophecy in the Eastern Provinces that Nero would return as an anti-Christ figure and destroy the Roman world.  This hatred and fear of Nero was due in part to the murder of his mother, which in later years had an otherworldly feel to it.  To paraphrase Tom Holland (who might be stretching for meaning) killing your mother is something that only a Greek demigod would do, and Nero was trying to show that he was god-like.

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