Cleopatra VII was the last ruler of the Ptolemaic dynasty, ruling Egypt from 51 BC - 30 BC

Cleopatra VII Thea Philopator was born around in  30 BC,while Cleopatra was born in Egypt, she traced her family origins to Macedonian Greece and Ptolemy I Soter, one of Alexander the Great’s generals. Ptolemy took the reigns of Egypt after Alexander’s death in 323 B.C., and he launched a dynasty of Greek-speaking rulers that lasted for nearly three centuries.The era began when Alexander's general, Ptolemy, took over as ruler of Egypt, becoming King Ptolemy I Soter of Egypt. Over the next three centuries, his descendants would follow in his path. At its height, Ptolemaic Egypt was one of the world's great powers.When Ptolemy XII died in 51 bce, the throne passed to his young son, Ptolemy XIII, and daughter, Cleopatra VII. Cleopatra was destined to become the last queen of the Macedonian dynasty that ruled Egypt between the death of Alexander the Great in 323 BC. The 18-year-old Cleopatra, older than her brother by about eight years, became the dominant ruler.Cleopatra was forced to flee Egypt for Syria, where she raised an army and in 48 bce returned to face her brother at Pelusium, on Egypt’s eastern border.

Romance of Cleopatra and Roman Emperor  Julius Caesar.Cleopatra was a famous queen of ancient Egypt. She was beautiful, intelligent and self-confident.Her courage or her charisma which charmed Caesar from this point they became lovers with two Roman rulers, Julius Caesar and Mark Antony. Plutarch records that before Julius Caesar had even landed in Egypt Theodotus, the tutor of Ptolemy XIII, sailed out to meet him with the severed head of Pompey. This was intended to curry favour with Caesar and encourage him to set sail for Rome immediately with his business in Egypt being finished, but it had the opposite effect.Either way it hardened his feelings against Ptolemy XIII.Cleopatra, according to the stories, had herself delivered to Julius Caesar's presence in a rug and won his support. Ptolemy XIII died in a battle with Caesar.

Cleopatra and Roman Emperor  Julius Caesar.

When Caesar was murdered in 44 B.C. Cleopatra returned to Egypt, After Caesar's death two men struggled for power in Rome: Mark Antony and Octavian.  Antony was a supporter of Julius Caesar, and served as one of his generals during the conquest of Gaul and the Civil War. Antony was appointed administrator of Italy while Caesar eliminated political opponents in Greece, North Africa, and Spain. Mark Antony felt very much attracted to Cleopatra and the Egyptian queen helped him in his battle against Octavian. Octavian went to war against Antony, who united his navy with Cleopatra's. After they had been defeated at the Battle of Actium in 31 B.C. the couple fled to Alexandria.Antony spent a winter in Alexandria with Cleopatra,in 37 BC Antony returned to Antioch, Cleopatra joined him.Antony loses the battle as his troops desert en masse and he denounces Cleopatra: "This foul Egyptian hath betrayed me." He resolves to kill her for the treachery. Cleopatra decides that the only way to win back Antony's love is to send him word that she killed herself.

Cleopatra and Mark Antony.

Cleopatra is betrayed and taken into custody by the Romans. She gives Octavius what she claims is a complete account of her wealth but is betrayed by her treasurer, who claims she is holding treasure back. Octavius reassures her that he is not interested in her wealth, but Dolabella warns her that he intends to parade her at his triumph.Cleopatra kills herself using the poison of an asp. She dies calmly and ecstatically, imagining how she will meet Antony again in the afterlife.

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