QUEEN VICTORIA OF ENGLAND (1837 - 1901)
Queen Victoria was queen of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland from 1837 to 1901—the second longest reign of any other British monarch in history.Alexandrina Victoria was born to the Duchess of Kent. Her father was the fourth son of George III and she was fifth in line to the throne.However, she had three elderly uncles ahead of her in the succession. So when her father died when she was eight months her prospects of becoming queen were good. The princess, known as Victoria, was raised at Kensington Palace. She was educated by her governess Baroness Lehzen, who taught her languages, arithmetic, drawing and music. Her widowed mother was lonely and depended utterly on John Conroy – a servant of her former husband who was bent on power.
Queen Victoria, the only child of Edward, the duke of Kent and
King George III's fourth son, and Victoria Saxe-Saalfield-Coburg, sister
of Leopold, king of the Belgians, was queen of Great Britain for 63
years. To date, she is the the second longest reigning British monarch
after Queen Elizabeth II. Victoria's reign saw great cultural expansion;
advances in industry, science, and communications; and the building of
railways and the London Underground.In 1840, she married her cousin, Prince Albert of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha.
At first, the British public didn’t warm up to the German prince and he
was excluded from holding any official political position. At times
their marriage was tempestuous, a clash of wills between two extremely
strong personalities. However, the couple were intensely devoted to each
other and shared a strong enough affection to have nine children.
Prince Albert also became her strongest ally, helping her navigate
difficult political waters. In 1861, Victoria's beloved prince died of
typhoid fever after several years of suffering from stomach ailments.
Victoria was devastated and went into a 25-year seclusion. Albert took an active interest in the arts, science, trade and industry;
the project for which he is best remembered was the Great Exhibition of
1851, the profits from which helped to establish the South Kensington
museums complex in London.Queen Victoria died at Osborne House on the Isle of Wight, on 22 January
1901 after a reign which lasted almost 64 years, then the longest in
British history.She was buried at Windsor beside Prince Albert, in the Frogmore Royal
Mausoleum, which she had built for their final resting place.
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