IDI AMIN WAS AN UGANDAN AUTOCRATIC LEADER,A BRUTAL DICTATOR,HUMAN RIGHT GROUPS SAY, 500,000 PEOPLE WERE KILLED DURING HIS EIGHT YEARS RULE ( 1971 - 1979).HE WAS GADDAFIS FRIEND.
Idi Amin called himself ''a pure son of Africa,'' but his bizarre and murderous eight years as president of Uganda typified the worst of the continent's military dictatorships. Idi Amin Dada became the most famous political figurefor all the wrong reasons. In 1971 he seized power from the then president of Uganda Milton Obote while he was away. The two men had once been allies but were now great enemies. At the time of the military coup Amin was in hismid-40s and the head of the army. The 6’4 ft. tall Amin was born in northern Uganda in 1925, he barely went to school. He grew up with almost nothing and he struggled to survive. He was raised up by his mother. She was a very tough big bodied woman just like he was. Like many poor Ugandan boys seeking an escape from poverty, Idi Amin got a job with the British colonial army as a cook.In 1979 he suffered the same fate when he was overthrown in a military coup.In April 1979, Amin fled to Libya and left Tanzania in charge of Uganda after a failed attack on western Tanzania.An attack on the country led to a counter by the Tanzanian army which managed to work its way to the Ugandan capital of Kampala.Ugandans initially welcomed Mr. Amin's rise to power, and his frequent taunting of Britain, the former colonial ruler of much of Africa, often played well on the continent. But his penchant for the cruel and extravagant became evident in 1972, when he expelled tens of thousands of Asians who had controlled the country's economy. Deprived of its business class, the East African nation plummeted into economic chaos.
Idi Amin's rise to power, and his frequent taunting of Britain, the former colonial ruler of much of Africa, often played well on the continent. But his penchant for the cruel and extravagant became evident in 1972, when he expelled tens of thousands of Asians who had controlled the country's economy. Deprived of its business class, the East African nation plummeted into economic chaos.
Sarah Kyolaba married the dictator after he spotted her performing at the age of 19.She became ‘First Lady’ number two in 1966. She was a Christian and a
daughter of the Reverend Adroa of Arua. According to different sources,
Amin wanted to marry a ‘girl’ from his home area, West Nile. His eyes
settled on Kay Adroa, a black beauty. By the time he met her, she was a
student at Makerere University.
With the bloody military dictatorship of Idi Amin becoming increasingly erratic, the murder of Dora Bloch, a British grandmother, proved an outrage too far for an exasperated Jim Callaghan government. Now, on the eve of the 40th anniversary of the break, a Scottish diplomat who played a key role in the fraught severance has revealed for the first time his remarkable face-to-face meetings with the notorious mass murderer, during which he was accused of being “the most dangerous man in Uganda” and threatened with Amin’s notorious death squads. Robert Wyper, from Montrose, was one of a handful of British High Commission officials left in Kampala that July following the dramatic rescue by Israeli commandos of more than 100 hostages being held at Entebbe Airport. The flashpoint, known as Operation Entebbe, humiliated Amin. Convinced the British were complicit in the raid, he instructed his officers to abduct and kill Bloch, a 74-year-old who held dual British-Israeli citizenship, before expelling several British officials.In the 1940s the colonial army was looking for more people and Amin got a chance to join the army. He excelled in the military. They kept promoting him due to his dedication to the job. It was while in the army that the athletic Amin enjoyed his first taste of fame. He was Uganda’s light heavyweight boxing champion for over 9 years and remained a keen swimmer throughout his life. But when he took over the presidency he turned out monstrous and dictatorial. In 1972 a self-proclaimed nationalist, Amin,unveiled plans for an economic war on what he called the domination of Uganda by foreigners. Amin ordered over 80, 000 Asians living in Uganda to leave the country. They were given 90 days to leave and to only take with them what they could carry. The
250-pound president called himself Dada, or ''Big Daddy,'' and in 1975
was even chosen as for the one-year rotating chairmanship of the
Organization of African Unity despite objections from some member
mismanagement and corruption of his entourage drove Uganda into an
abyss and its economy tumbled toward subsistence levels. The United
States and Britain severed ties during Amin's rule.
Idi Amin’s Israeli Connection;Israel had had a special relationship with Uganda since the latter's independence from Great Britain, in 1962. Beginning in the nineteen-fifties, David Ben-Gurion, then Israel’s Prime Minister, sought strategic partnerships with states on the edge the Arab world, including Uganda, Kenya, Iran, and Turkey, to counter the hostile nations on Israel’s own borders.
He was an obvious bully but capable of menacing charm. He was by no means stupid though he devoted his energy to preserving his own tyranny as well as liquidating his enemies and those who possessed something he wanted, like an attractive wife. Despite Amin's crimes against humanity, he escaped justice for one reason only: the Saudi authorities shielded one of the monsters of our time. Amin, a convert to Islam, fled to Libya, then Iraq and finally Saudi
Arabia, where he was allowed to settle provided he stayed out of
politics.He was a distinguished soldier, easy to pick out from the crowd,
largely owing to his actions. During an attack against the Mau-Mau in
Kenya, he fought bravely in places like Kinyoma and Kangema in which he
killed several of them.He was promoted to the rank of sergeant in 1955 and he became a
Commissioned Officer in 1961. He was deployed as commander of a unit in
Karamoja that was supposed to stop cattle rustling in the area.By the time Uganda got her independence, Idi Amin was one of the
leading soldiers who formed the first Uganda independence army. By 1964
he had been named Deputy Army Commander while Shaban Opolot was the Army
Commander. April 1979, Amin had been defeated. Amin fled to Libya and later Saudi Arabia where he died on August 16, 2003.Officially, Amin had five wives, all of whom he treated as 'First
Ladies' at different functions. They included Kay Amin, Nora Amin,
Medina Amin, Sarah Amin and Malyamu Amin. The number of children he
fathered is above 30.
Amin introduces Gaddafi to some of his senior soldiers during the Libyan leader’s visit to Uganda in 1973.Later,Amin smuggled his family from Entebbe fire to Libya.
Amin turned to Libya’s Muammar Qaddafi, who agreed to sell jets to the Ugandan, but only if the latter would break off ties with Israel. Amin promptly expelled all Israelis from the country, installed the Palestine Liberation Organization in the former Israeli Embassy, and commenced construction of a giant mosque in downtown Kampala.